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Basic Soldering Techniques

Basic Principles of Solder 1. Solder is a tin/lead alloy with the exception of lead-free solder which is a tin-copper alloy. The 3 basic types of solder used for stained glass are 50/50 50% tin/50% lead - most commonly used in box and lamp assembly 60/40 60% tin/40% lead - most commonly used in lead and copper foil assembly 63/37 63% tin/37% lead - most commonly used for decorative soldering The higher the ratio of tin to lead, the easier to the solder will flow at lower temperatures. 2. Solder will not stick to glass alone, so each piece of glass must be wrapped in copper foil. 3. Solder needs a flux to flow smoothly and bond to other metals (i.e., copper foil or lead came). NOTE Use only solid-core solder. Never use acid or rosin core solder for